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McLaren

La tecnologia che guida Arrow McLaren SP al top

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16
Nov 2021
16
Nov 2021
Mentre la Arrow McLaren SP guarda indietro alla stagione positiva, il team riflette sulle sfide e sui successi più importanti e spiega come l'AI e l'automazione vengano sfruttate in ogni aspetto del loro lavoro, dalla simulazione dei piloti alla sicurezza informatica.

As Arrow McLaren SP looks back on a positive season and prepares to build momentum into next year, Taylor Kiel (Team President) and Craig Hampson (Director of Trackside Engineering) reflect on key challenges and successes. With Pato O’Ward’s No. 5 car in the running to win the championship until the final race of the season, they reveal the formula for success – and how the team leverages AI and automation in every aspect of their work – from driver simulation to cyber security.

Data as the lifeblood for performance

In INDYCAR qualifiying, the difference between P1 and P10 can be as little as half a second, and when margins are that tight, the finer details in preparation make the difference. For us, that preparation is driven by data. Every race weekend and every practice session, over 100 lightweight sensors and several computers on the cars produce masses of data that is stored and analyzed for performance optimization.

This ecosystem includes an engine controller, a gear shift controller computer, and a computer unit that controls the clutch, and these systems all talk to each other across what is called a Controller Area Network (CAN). So the key question for us becomes: how do we get useful insights from that data, securely, and in a short period of time?

If you can think of something that’s happening on the car, the likelihood is our team is doing everything we can to try and measure it. Air speed, acceleration, tyre temperature, and so much more – we currently record over 1,500 data channels on the car itself, and we then process another 838 ‘math channels’ from combinations of this data – giving us, for example, the ride height of and downforce on the car.

This is more data than we can ever process with human beings alone, and a lot of our work now is figuring out how to automate these processes, using AI to look for patterns that humans simply cannot identify.

Pitting: More than just a tyre change

Each of our cars have two cellular-based telemetry systems built into them, but we are still limited on the amount of throughput we can observe real time, which is why we need to offload this data each time we pit during practice. This involves plugging in what we call an ‘umbilical cord’ that has a communication line and also powers the car.

Figure 1: A typical INDYCAR would last only minutes on its own battery without the engine running

Any typical race produces between 2.5GB and 3.3GB of data, in addition to in-car video, and a GPS system recording the car’s position on the track, which not only goes back to us but also to the relevant television broadcasters. So, we need to have a lot of storage available both in the cloud and on hard drives using a server. That data needs to be available not just to us at trackside but virtually to engineers not present at the race. And most importantly, that data needs to be secure, and protected from outside interference.

The cyber side: Turning to AI

All that precious data coming from the car, residing in the cloud or elsewhere in our organization, is susceptible to tampering from insiders and outsiders who may – deliberately or indirectly – compromise our ability to access or use that data reliably. As the cyber-threat landscape evolves – with ransomware bringing organizations of all shapes and sizes to a halt – we need to make sure we’re prepared for whatever attack is around the corner.

Firewalls, email gateways, and other perimeter protections are one part of the puzzle. But while these tools are focussed on keeping an attacker out – we needed another layer of defense that ensures that if these defenses are bypassed, we have an autonomous system that knows our organization inside out and can fight back on our behalf to disrupt emerging threats.

That’s where Darktrace has provided a revolutionary solution – using Self-Learning AI that understands every person and device from the ground up and identifies subtle deviations that point to a cyber-threat. And if ransomware strikes, 24/7 Autonomous Response is there in the form of Darktrace Antigena, taking precise action to contain ransomware and other threats at machine speed.

Double wins at doubleheaders

Using automation and AI throughout our technology stack enables us to extract meaningful insights from large pools of data and take quick, decisive action in the form of changes to the car or on-the-fly changes in race strategy.

The ability to react and react quickly is really put to the test on doubleheader race weekends, where any room for improvement you identify from Saturday’s race can be rectified in the form of overnight changes and implemented on Sunday. We believe it’s no coincidence that both of Pato’s No. 5 car’s wins came on the back end of doubleheader events, at Texas and Detroit Belle Isle. With people working in harmony with technology, our engineering team were able to make significant improvements to the car, react on the fly, and ultimately ensure we ended up ahead of the competition.

Digital fakes: Breaking new ground at Nashville

This year’s INDYCAR season featured a brand new track in Nashville, an exciting but daunting prospect for both the drivers and the team as a whole. Having access to a driver simulator, thanks to our partners at Chevrolet, we were able to run a virtual version of our car to try different setups, different techniques, and in this case have the driver learn his way round a whole new circuit.

Figure 2: The Chevrolet simulator projects a digital twin of the Nashville circuit

The track is recreated down to the nearest millimetre using a laser scanner, and then there is a lot of digital rendering involved, making it as realistic as possible with stands, fencing, and sponsor banners. Using this ‘digital fake’ representation was super helpful to the drivers in determining the correct approaches to corners, and for our engineers, enabling them to use the outputs to characterize the track.

The setup of the car in the simulator is effectively the same as the setup of the car in the real world: you set the spring rate and the ride height, it has the aerodynamic map, it knows the inertias and the masses of the car. It’s an incredibly complicated and powerful physics engine, but it gives us the ability to test things out in a controlled environment, and contributed toward one of Felix Rosenqvist’s strongest races of the season in the No. 7 car.

Simulations like these are the way of the future – not just for new circuits but in general. Rather than going through tyres and engines, we can replicate practice sessions in digital form, and the software gets closer to reality every day.

Looking ahead

What is next for Arrow McLaren SP? As we are now a part of the McLaren Racing family, new efficiencies and synergies are realized every month. We’ll certainly continue to leverage that valuable partnership, as well as our technology partnership with Darktrace, continuing to roll out their technology across our digital estate, including our email and cloud services.

In the INDYCAR Series, if you stay still, you go backwards, and the competition hots up every year. We know that now more than ever, the answer lies in using cutting-edge technologies across every aspect of the business to make our lives easier and ultimately propel us to the very top.

INSIDE THE SOC
Darktrace cyber analysts are world-class experts in threat intelligence, threat hunting and incident response, and provide 24/7 SOC support to thousands of Darktrace customers around the globe. Inside the SOC is exclusively authored by these experts, providing analysis of cyber incidents and threat trends, based on real-world experience in the field.
AUTHOR
ABOUT ThE AUTHOR
Taylor Kiel
Team President, Arrow McLaren SP

Taylor Kiel is a native of Indianapolis, Indiana. His career highlights include starting with Sam Schmidt Motorsports in 2007 in Indy Lights before rising the ranks of now Arrow McLaren SP to president of the team. Kiel has been part of the team’s nine NTT INDYCAR SERIES wins and two Indianapolis 500 pole positions. He was also the race strategist during Pato O’Ward’s first career victory at Texas Motor Speedway in 2021 and led the team to a third-place finish in the point standings.

Craig Hampson
Director of Trackside Engineering, Arrow McLaren SP

Craig Hampson is a mechanical engineering graduate from the University of Maryland. In Hampson’s career, he was the Indianapolis 500-winning R&D engineer for the team that fielded cars for Ryan Hunter-Reay (2014) and Alexander Rossi (2016) and was at the helm of all four of Sebastien Bourdais’ Champ Car World Series titles and 33 of his 37 career NTT INDYCAR SERIES wins. Now, Hampson is the R&D Engineer at Arrow McLaren SP, and in 2020, he took on an expanded role as the race engineer for Fernando Alonso during the 105th Indianapolis 500. During the 2021 season, he served as the race strategist for Felix Rosenqvist and Juan Pablo Montoya on a limited basis.

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Email

Looking Beyond Secure Email Gateways with the Latest Innovations to Darktrace/Email

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09
Apr 2024

Organizations Should Demand More from their Email Security

In response to a more intricate threat landscape, organizations should view email security as a critical component of their defense-in-depth strategy, rather than defending the inbox alone with a traditional Secure Email Gateway (SEG). Organizations need more than a traditional gateway – that doubles, instead of replaces, the capabilities provided by native security vendor – and require an equally granular degree of analysis across all messaging, including inbound, outbound, and lateral mail, plus Teams messages.  

Darktrace/Email is the industry’s most advanced cloud email security, powered by Self-Learning AI. It combines AI techniques to exceed the accuracy and efficiency of leading security solutions, and is the only security built to elevate, not duplicate, native email security.  

With its largest update ever, Darktrace/Email introduces the following innovations, finally allowing security teams to look beyond secure email gateways with autonomous AI:

  • AI-augmented data loss prevention to stop the entire spectrum of outbound mail threats
  • an easy way to deploy DMARC quickly with AI
  • major enhancements to streamline SOC workflows and increase the detection of sophisticated phishing links
  • expansion of Darktrace’s leading AI prevention to lateral mail, account compromise and Microsoft Teams

What’s New with Darktrace/Email  

Data Loss Prevention  

Block the entire spectrum of outbound mail threats with advanced data loss prevention that builds on tags in native email to stop unknown, accidental, and malicious data loss

Darktrace understands normal at individual user, group and organization level with a proven AI that detects abnormal user behavior and dynamic content changes. Using this understanding, Darktrace/Email actions outbound emails to stop unknown, accidental and malicious data loss.  

Traditional DLP solutions only take into account classified data, which relies on the manual input of labelling each data piece, or creating rules to catch pattern matches that try to stop data of certain types leaving the organization. But in today’s world of constantly changing data, regular expression and fingerprinting detection are no longer enough.

  • Human error – Because it understands normal for every user, Darktrace/Email can recognize cases of misdirected emails. Even if the data is correctly labelled or insensitive, Darktrace recognizes when the context in which it is being sent could be a case of data loss and warns the user.  
  • Unclassified data – Whereas traditional DLP solutions can only take action on classified data, Darktrace analyzes the range of data that is either pending labels or can’t be labeled with typical capabilities due to its understanding of the content and context of every email.  
  • Insider threat – If a malicious actor has compromised an account, data exfiltration may still be attempted on encrypted, intellectual property, or other forms of unlabelled data to avoid detection. Darktrace analyses user behaviour to catch cases of unusual data exfiltration from individual accounts.

And classification efforts already in place aren’t wasted – Darktrace/Email extends Microsoft Purview policies and sensitivity labels to avoid duplicate workflows for the security team, combining the best of both approaches to ensure organizations maintain control and visibility over their data.

End User and Security Workflows

Achieve more than 60% improvement in the quality of end-user phishing reports and detection of sophisticated malicious weblinks1

Darktrace/Email improves end-user reporting from the ground up to save security team resource. Employees will always be on the front line of email security – while other solutions assume that end-user reporting is automatically of poor quality, Darktrace prioritizes improving users’ security awareness to increase the quality of end-user reporting from day one.  

Users are empowered to assess and report suspicious activity with contextual banners and Cyber AI Analyst generated narratives for potentially suspicious emails, resulting in 60% fewer benign emails reported.  

Out of the higher-quality emails that end up being reported, the next step is to reduce the amount of emails that reach the SOC. Darktrace/Email’s Mailbox Security Assistant automates their triage with secondary analysis combining additional behavioral signals – using x20 more metrics than previously – with advanced link analysis to detect 70% more sophisticated malicious phishing links.2 This directly alleviates the burden of manual triage for security analysts.

For the emails that are received by the SOC, Darktrace/Email uses automation to reduce time spent investigating per incident. With live inbox view, security teams gain access to a centralized platform that combines intuitive search capabilities, Cyber AI Analyst reports, and mobile application access. Analysts can take remediation actions from within Darktrace/Email, eliminating console hopping and accelerating incident response.

Darktrace takes a user-focused and business-centric approach to email security, in contrast to the attack-centric rules and signatures approach of secure email gateways

Microsoft Teams

Detect threats within your Teams environment such as account compromise, phishing, malware and data loss

Around 83% of Fortune 500 companies rely on Microsoft Office products and services, particularly Teams and SharePoint.3

Darktrace now leverages the same behavioral AI techniques for Microsoft customers across 365 and Teams, allowing organizations to detect threats and signals of account compromise within their Teams environment including social engineering, malware and data loss.  

The primary use case for Microsoft Teams protection is as a potential entry vector. While messaging has traditionally been internal only, as organizations open up it is becoming an entry vector which needs to be treated with the same level of caution as email. That’s why we’re bringing our proven AI approach to Microsoft Teams, that understands the user behind the message.  

Anomalous messaging behavior is also a highly relevant indicator of whether a user has been compromised. Unlike other solutions that analyze Microsoft Teams content which focus on payloads, Darktrace goes beyond basic link and sandbox analysis and looks at actual user behavior from both a content and context perspective. This linguistic understanding isn’t bound by the requirement to match a signature to a malicious payload, rather it looks at the context in which the message has been delivered. From this analysis, Darktrace can spot the early symptoms of account compromise such as early-stage social engineering before a payload is delivered.

Lateral Mail Analysis

Detect and respond to internal mailflow with multi-layered AI to prevent account takeover, lateral phishing and data leaks

The industry’s most robust account takeover protection now prevents lateral mail account compromise. Darktrace has always looked at internal mail to inform inbound and outbound decisions, but will now elevate suspicious lateral mail behaviour using the same AI techniques for inbound, outbound and Teams analysis.

Darktrace integrates signals from across the entire mailflow and communication patterns to determine symptoms of account compromise, now including lateral mailflow

Unlike other solutions which only analyze payloads, Darktrace analyzes a whole range of signals to catch lateral movement before a payload is delivered. Contributing yet another layer to the AI behavioral profile for each user, security teams can now use signals from lateral mail to spot the early symptoms of account takeover and take autonomous actions to prevent further compromise.

DMARC

Gain in-depth visibility and control of 3rd parties using your domain with an industry-first AI-assisted DMARC

Darktrace has created the easiest path to brand protection and compliance with the new Darktrace/DMARC. This new capability continuously stops spoofing and phishing from the enterprise domain, while automatically enhancing email security and reducing the attack surface.

Darktrace/DMARC helps to upskill businesses by providing step by step guidance and automated record suggestions provide a clear, efficient road to enforcement. It allows organizations to quickly achieve compliance with requirements from Google, Yahoo, and others, to ensure that their emails are reaching mailboxes.  

Meanwhile, Darktrace/DMARC helps to reduce the overall attack surface by providing visibility over shadow-IT and third-party vendors sending on behalf of an organization’s brand, while informing recipients when emails from their domains are sent from un-authenticated DMARC source.

Darktrace/DMARC integrates with the wider Darktrace product platform, sharing insights to help further secure your business across Email Attack Path and Attack Surface management.

Conclusion

To learn more about the new innovations to Darktrace/Email download the solution brief here.

All of the new updates to Darktrace/Email sit within the new Darktrace ActiveAI Security Platform, creating a feedback loop between email security and the rest of the digital estate for better protection. Click to read more about the Darktrace ActiveAI Security Platform or to hear about the latest innovations to Darktrace/OT, the most comprehensive prevention, detection, and response solution purpose built for critical infrastructures.  

Learn about the intersection of cyber and AI by downloading the State of AI Cyber Security 2024 report to discover global findings that may surprise you, insights from security leaders, and recommendations for addressing today’s top challenges that you may face, too.

References

[1] Internal Darktrace Research

[2] Internal Darktrace Research

[3] Essential Microsoft Office Statistics in 2024

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About the author
Carlos Gray
Product Manager

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Managing Risk Beyond CVE Scores With the Latest Innovations to Darktrace/OT

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09
Apr 2024

Identifying Cyber Risk in Industrial Organizations

Compromised OT devices in ICS and SCADA environments pose significant physical risks, even endangering lives. However, identifying CVEs in the multitude of complex OT devices is labor-intensive and time-consuming, draining valuable resources.

Even after identifying a vulnerability, implementing a patch presents its own challenges limited maintenance windows and the need for uninterrupted operations strain IT and OT teams often leading organizations to prioritize availability over security leading vulnerabilities remaining unresolved for over 5 years on average. (1)

Darktrace’s New Innovation

Darktrace is an industry leader in cybersecurity with 10+ years of experience securing OT environments where we take a fundamentally different approach using Self-Learning AI to enhance threat detection and response.

Continuing to combat the expanding threat landscape, Darktrace is excited to announce new capabilities that enable a contextualized and proactive approach to managing cyber risk at industrial organizations.

Today we launch an innovation to our OT Cybersecurity solution, Darktrace/OT, that will add a layer of proactivity, enabling a comprehensive approach to risk management. This industry leading innovation for Darktrace/OT moves beyond CVE scores to redefine vulnerability management for critical infrastructure, tackling the full breadth of risks not limited by traditional controls.  

Darktrace/OT is the only OT security solution with comprehensive Risk Management which includes:

  • Contextualized risk analysis unique to your organization
  • The most realistic evaluation and prioritization of OT risk
  • Effectively mitigate risk across your OT infrastructure, with and without patching.
  • The only OT security solution that evaluates your defenses against Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) Groups.

The most comprehensive prevention, detection, and response solution purpose built for Critical Infrastructures

Darktrace’s Self-Learning AI technology is a cutting-edge innovation that implements real time prevention, detection, response, and recovery for operational technologies and enables a fundamental shift from the traditional approach to cyber defense by learning a ‘pattern of life’ for every network, device, and user.  

Rather than relying on knowledge of past attacks, AI technology learns what is ‘normal’ for its environment, discovering previously unknown threats by detecting subtle shifts in behavior. Through identifying these unexpected anomalies, security teams can investigate novel attacks, discover blind spots, have live time visibility across all their physical and digital assets, and reduce time to detect, respond to, and triage security events.  

  • Achieve greater visibility of OT and IT devices across all levels of the Purdue Model.
  • The industry's only OT security to scale threat detection and response, with a 92% time saving from triage to recovery.  
  • The only OT focused security solution to provide bespoke Risk Management.

To learn more about how Darktrace/OT approaches unique use cases for industrial organizations visit the Darktrace/OT Webpage or join us LIVE at a city near you.

Read more below to discover how new innovations to Darktrace/OT are bringing a new, contextualized approach to Risk Management for Industrial organizations.

For more information on the entire Darktrace/OT Solution read our solution brief here.

Darktrace/OT and New Risk Management

Risk Identification

Leveraging the visibility of Darktrace/OT which identifies individual systems throughout the Purdue Model and the relationship between them, Darktrace/OT identifies high-risk CVEs and presents potential attack routes that go beyond techniques requiring a known exploit, such as misuse of legitimate services. Each attack path will have a mathematical evaluation of difficulty and impact from initial access to the high value objectives.  

Together this gives comprehensive coverage over your real and potential risks from both an attacker and known vulnerability perspectives. OT attack paths as seen here even leverage insights between the industrial and corporate communications to reveal ways threat actors may take advantage of IT-OT convergence. This revelation of imperceptible risks fills gaps in traditional risk analysis like remote access and insider threats.

Figure 1: Darktrace/OT visualizing the most critical attack paths at an organization
Figure 1: Darktrace/OT visualizing the most critical attack paths at an organization
Figure 2: A specific Attack Path identified by Darktrace/OT

Risk Prioritization

Darktrace/OT prioritizes remediations and mitigations based on difficulty and damage to your unique organization, using the established Attack Paths.

We ascertain the priorities that apply to your organization beyond pure theoretical damage answering questions like:

  • How difficult is a particular vulnerability to exploit considering the steps an attacker would require to reach it?
  • And, how significant would the impact be if it was exploited within this particular network?

This expanded approach to risk prioritization has a much more comprehensive evaluation of your organization's unique risk than has ever been possible before. Traditional approaches of ranking only known vulnerabilities with isolated scores using CVSS and exploitability metrics, often leaves gaps in IT-OT risks and is blind to legitimate service exploitation.

Figure 3: Darktrace/OT leverages its contextual understand of the organization’s network to prioritize remediation that will have the positive impact on the risk score

Darktrace provides mitigation strategies associated with each identified risk and the relevant impact it has on your overall risk posture, across all MITRE ATT&CK techniques.

What sets Darktrace apart is our ability to contextualize these mitigations within the broader business. When patching vulnerabilities directly isn’t possible, Darktrace identifies alternative actions that harden attack paths leading to critical assets. Hardening the surrounding attack path increases the difficulty and therefore reduces the likelihood and impact of a breach.

That means unpatched vulnerabilities and vulnerable devices aren’t left unprotected. This also has an added bonus, those hardening techniques work for all devices in that network segment, so apply one change, secure many.

Figure 4: Darktrace prioritizes mitigation reducing accessibility of vulnerability and the overall risk score when patches aren’t available

Communicate Board Level Risk with APT Threat Mapping

Darktrace/OT bridges theory and practice as the only security solution that maps MITRE techniques, frequently used by APT Groups, onto AI-assessed critical Attack Paths. This unique solution provides unparalleled insights including sector and location intelligence, possible operating platforms, common techniques, exploited CVEs, and the number of potential devices affected in your environment, supporting holistic risk assessment and proactive defense measures.

Ultimately, this becomes a power dashboard to communicate board level risk, using both metric based evidence and industry standard threat mapping.

Conclusion

Darktrace/OT is part of the Darktrace ActiveAI Security Platform a native, holistic, AI-driven platform built on over ten years of AI research. It helps security teams shift to more a productive mode, finding the known and the unknown attacks and transforming the SOC with the various Darktrace products to drive efficiency gains. It does this across the whole incident lifecycle to lower risk, reduce time spent on active incidents, and drive return on investment.

Discover more about Darktrace's ever-strengthening platform with the upcoming changes coming to our Darktrace/Email product and other launch day blogs.

Join Darktrace LIVE half-day event to understand the reality versus the hype surrounding AI and how to achieve cyber resilience.

Learn about the intersection of cyber and AI by downloading the State of AI Cyber Security 2024 report to discover global findings that may surprise you, insights from security leaders, and recommendations for addressing today’s top challenges that you may face, too.  

References

1. https://research-information.bris.ac.uk/ws/portalfiles/portal/313646831/Catch_Me_if_You_Can.pdf

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About the author
Mitchell Bezzina
VP, Product and Solutions Marketing
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